Anonymous  Brief History of the Persatuan Peranakan Cina Melaka  Persatuan Peranakan Cina Melaka, pp 5-7   1989

Budiman,Amen “Masyarakat Islam Tionghoa di Indonesia”[The Chinese Muslim Community in Indonesia], Semarang: Penerbit Tanjung Sari  1979 

Bai Shouyi  白壽彜,  "中國伊斯蘭教史參考資料選編" China Islamic History Reference Material Selections Ed.  李興華  Li Xinghua   馮今源  Feng Jin Yuan. Vol.I.  Yinchuan: Ningxia People’s Publishing Society, 1985.

Bai Shouyi and Yang Huaizhong  楊懷中,  "回族人物志,明代" Annals of Hui Personages, Ming Dynasty. Yichuan: Ningxia People’s Publishing Company, 1985

Chan Gaik Gnoh, “The Kapitan Cina System in the Straits Settlements” in Malaysia in History,vol.25  1982

Chang Jeh-Ming 張桀明, “Les Musulmans sous la Chine des Tang” [Muslims under the China of the Tangs]  Taipei  Cheng Wen 1980

Chen Shu Shi       Lift the Fog to see Islam  Kuala Lumpur:Mentor Publishing Sdn.Bhd. 2001

Ch’en Su-Ching, “The Chinese in Malaya  Pacific Affairs, vol.21 (3) 1948

Clammer, John,R Overseas Chinese Assimilation and Resinification: A Malaysian Case study SEAJSS , Vol.3 (2), pp9-23   1976 

Religion and Assimilation in Straits Chinese Society RSEAS, VOL.6 (1-4), PP.25-35  1976

“The Ambiguity of Identity: Ethnicity and Change Among the Straits Chinese Community of Malaysia and Singapore, Occasional paper no.54, Singapore, ISEAS.   1979

Fu Tong Xian  傅统先.   ” [Chinese Muslim History]  Taipei: Taiwan Shangwu Yin Shua Guan.  1969. 2nd ed.1996.

Huntington,Samuel, P “The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order” New York: Simon & Schuster  1996

Gladney Dru C.  “Muslim Chinese  Ethnic Nationalism in the People’s Republic” Published by Council on East Asian Studies, Harvard University, and distributed by Harvard University Press,  Cambridge 1991,1996

Kessler, S. Clive.  “Islam and Politics in a Malay State: Kelantan 1838-1969”. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1978.

Leslie, Donald Daniel.   “Islamic Literature in Chinese, Late Ming and Early Ching: Books, Authors and Associates.”  Canberra: Canberra College of Advanced Education, 1981.

Lombard, Denys and Claudine Salmon.  “Islam and Chineseness.”In The Propagation of Islam in the Indonesian-Malay Archipelago.   Edited and Annotated by Alijah Gordon. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Sociological Research Institute. 2001

--- “Some Thoughts on the Muslim Chinese of Indonesia.”  Etudes Orientales, no. 13 /14, pp.177-202.. 

Mason, Isaac.  “The Mohammedans of China: When, and How, They First Came” Journal of the North China Branch of The Royal Asiatic Society 60: 1- 54   1929.

Mills, J.V.G.  “Ma Huan, Ying Yai Sheng Lan: The Overall Survey of  the Western Shores” (1433). Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Mohammed Djinguiz,  “L’Islam au Borneo Britannique septentrional’ [Islam in the British Northern Borneo), Revue du Monde Musulman, June 1908, Vol.V, no.6, Paris:E.Leroux.

Nagata, Judith A. “In Defence of Ethnic Boundaries: The Changing Myths and Charters of Malay Identity.” In Ethnic Change. D. Charles Keyes. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1981.

             The Reflowering of Malaysian Islam: Modern religious radicals and their Roots.  Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1984.

Pang, Keng-fong.  Austronesian-speaking Hui of Hainan Island: A Southern Asian Islamic Identity?” In the Legacy of Islam in China: An International Symposium in memory of Joseph F. Fletcher. Ed. Dru Gladney.  Conference Volume. Harvard University,
14-16 April 1989.

Quanchou Foreign Maritime Museum (Investigation Section), eds.  白奇郭姓不是郭子儀 的後裔而是回族人  (The Guo Clan of Bai Qi are not Descendants of Guo ZiYi, but are Muslims).  Quanzhou: Fujian Publishing House, 1983.

Slamet Muljana   “Runtuknya Keradjaan Hindu-Djawa dan Timbulnya Negara-Negara Islam di Nusantara”  [The Fall of the Hindu-Javanese Kingdom and the Rise of Islamic States in the Archipelago]  Jakarta :Bhratara  1968.

Tan Chee Beng   A Note on the Orang Yunnan in Terengganu”  in Archipel No.42  1991

Tan Yeok Seong  Chinese Element in the Islamisation of Southeast Asia,  --A Study of the Story of Njai gede Pinatih, the Great Lady of Gresik --, in Journal of the South Seas Society  Vol.30, Parts 1&2, December 1975

Wang Gungwu   “The Nanhai Trade: A Study of the early History of Chinese Trade in South China Sea.”  JRAS (Malayan Branch), Vol.31 (1958)  PP.1-135

Yu Zhengui   餘振貴.   Yang Huaizhong  楊懷中.   中國伊斯蘭文獻著譯提要  (Main Documents and Translations of Chinese Islam).  Yinchuan: Ningxia People’s Publishing Society, 1993.